4-30-Inkingo-zihabwa-abana-mu-Rwanda

Gahunda y’inkingo mu Rwanda

Gukingira ni uburyo bwifashishwa kugirango barinde umuntu indwara zimwe na zimwe aho bongera ubudahangarwa bw’umubiri we. Ibi bikorwa baha umuntu icyo twita urukingo; barutanga barumutera mu maraso cyangwa se akaba yarunywa nk’uko wanywa ikinini. Gukingira ni uburyo bwiza kandi bwizewe bukoreshwa mu kurinda umuntu indwara mbere y’uko imugeraho.

Inkingo zihabwa abana mu Rwanda kuva akivuka kugera ku myaka 12 ni izi: Kuva umwana avutse kugeza ku byumweru 2 ahabwa urukingo rw’igituntu (BCG) hamwe n’urukingo rw’imbasa (polio 0). Ku kwezi n’igice umwana ahabwa urukingo rw’imbasa (polio 1) hamwe n’urundi bita pentavalent rukubiyemo inkingo eshanu ari zo: (urukingo rw’akaniga, agakwega, kokolishi, umwijima wo mu bwoko bwa B, umusonga n’izindi ndwara ziterwa n’agakoko ka influenza B), ahabwa kandi urukingo rumurinda impiswi, n’urundi rukingo rumurinda indwara nyinshi ziterwa n’agakoko ka pinemokoke (pneumocoque) harimo umusonga, mugiga, umuhaha, kumungwa amagufa n’ingingo, n’izindi. Ku mezi abiri n’igice umwana yongera guhabwa inkingo nk’izo aba yafashe ku kwezi n’igice. Ku mezi atatu n’igice nabwo umwana yongera guhabwa inkingo nk’izo aba yafashe ku mezi abiri n’igice. Ku mezi atandatu, ni ukuvuga ibyumweru 24 kuva umwana avutse, ahabwa vitamini A. Ku mezi icyenda, ni ukuvuga ibyumweru 36, umwana ahabwa urukingo rw’iseru na rubeyole. Ku mwaka umwe (yujuje amezi cumi n’abiri) ahabwa ikinini cy’inzoka zo mu nda, akongera agahabwa na vitamin A. Ku mezi cumi n’atanu (ni ukuvuga umwana yujuje umwaka n’amezi atatu) cyangwa ibyumweru 60, umwana yongera guhabwa urukingo rw’iseru na rubeyole rwo gushimangira urwo yabonye ku mezi icyenda. Ku myaka 12 abana b’abakobwa bahabwa urukingo rubarinda kanseri y’inkondo y’umura.

Ni byiza gukingiza umwana inkingo zose nta na rumwe usimbutse kandi ukubahiriza igihe kugirango umurinde ingaruka yahura na zo aramutse abaye atarakingiwe. Ikindi ni uko twabamara impungenge ko urukingo rudashobora gutera indwara.

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